There are few activities more soulful than staining your lips with berry juice and giggling with friends in the berry patch while sweat tickles your brow beneath a relentless summer sun. Or, jammin’ and cannin’ with a gaggle of aproned girls in a modest kitchen, as pots of jam seethe with Regina Spektor on the speakers and dollops of near-finished preserves land in our cocktails. This is summer, this is life, this is bliss. As each lid pops open in the winter, these memories rush into the kitchen with such vitality, inspiring sheer and utter gratitude for our hard work, foresight and the gift of good food.
Preserving fruit was a seasonal staple in our family. As soon as the strawberries blushed, we knew we were in for several months of u-pick! Mamma would load my three siblings and me into the Suburban, and we’d head to the nearest fields for a harvesting extravaganza. We were her worker bees, repaid in fruit and finger-lickin’ pots of jam.
Take a few minutes to read this rich and useful guide to making your own preserves. My goal is to help debunk myths about the complexity of preserving fruit, and bring joy and awareness to a time-honored practice that pleases our taste buds, nourishes our bodies, builds community, and yes, even creates Christmas gifts in a pinch. Though preserving food requires a generous time commitment (at least half a day – or seemingly less with friends), the rewards are priceless.
Step 1: Berry-picking!
The simple art of making jam begins with a quintessential tradition: harvesting ripe fruit from the earth – dripping with sweet, seasonal nectar. More hands make light work – with four friends we picked twenty-five pounds of strawberries in less than an hour at Silver Queen Farm. PickYourOwn.org and localharvest.org offer copious databases to help you find a u-pick farm near you. If you can’t make it to the fields for every fruit, or at all, stop by a u-pick farm stand and buy ready-picked fruit in bulk. It will cost a bit more than sweating in the field, but will be more affordable than the same quantity at the grocery store with a fresher, tastier zing!
If you can’t make jam right away, you can freeze your fruit and make jam later (see below for freezing instructions).
Step 2: Prepare your canning equipment
- Water bath canner (21.5 Quarts) – $20*
- Canning utensil set with jar lifter, lid lifter, funnel and bubble remover – $10
- Pint jars, regular mouth (16-oz) with lids (Set of 12) – $11.50
- Jelly jars, regular mouth (4-oz) with lids (Set of 12) – $15
- If you already have jars and bands, you will need new jar lids (Set of 12) – $2
- Large pot for making jam
- Ladle for transferring jam into jars
Step 3: Wash and hull the strawberries
- Rinse the fruit.
- Using a small, sharp knife, slice off the strawberry stem (and toss it into your compost).
- Chop the strawberries coarsely and put them in a large bowl.
- Put the prepared strawberries in the refrigerator while you prepare the jars and lids.
Step 4: Sanitize the jars and lids
- If you have a dishwasher, load the jars and lids onto the racks and run the “sanitize” cycle. When the cycle is complete, keep the jars and lids in the dishwasher on the “heated dry” until they are ready to use.
- Fill the water bath canner with water, and bring the water to a boil. Preheat the oven to 175. Meanwhile, use hot, soapy water to thoroughly wash and sanitize your jars and lids. When the water is boiling, place the jars and lids in the water bath and boil them for 10 minutes. Once sanitized, use the jar lifter to transfer the jars to a baking sheet and place the jars in the oven until ready to use. (Repeat for all of your jars and lids).
- Keep the lids in the water bath or another bowl or pot of very hot water.
- You will also want to wash your funnel and ladle with hot, soapy water and have a pot of very hot water to dip it into right before you begin canning.
Step 5: Jamming
Here is a good baseline recipe, though there are loads out there so search and be creative. What I like about this recipe is that it uses a no-sugar or low-sugar pectin, and substitutes granulated sugar for honey (which you can also sub for maple syrup or coconut sugar).
- Fill your water bath with water. If you used your water bath for sterilizing your jar and lids, you can reuse the water. (Transfer any lids or other equipment that is in the water bath to another pot or bowl of hot water). Bring the water to a boil while you transfer the jam to the jars.
- Line up your warm jars on a clean surface near your pot(s) of jam.
- Dip your funnel and ladle into a pot of very hot water to sterilize it before transferring the jam into the jars.
- Place the funnel in the mouth of a jar. Using the ladle, transfer the jam into each jar, leaving 1/4 inch of “headspace” between the surface of the jam and the top of the jar.
- Wipe the rim of the jars with a clean dish towel or paper towel. Using your lid lifter or tongs, place a lid on each jar and tightly twist a band around the mouth of the jar.
- The water bath should now be boiling. Using the jar lifter, lower the jars into the water bath, covering the jars with about two inches of water. Boil the jars for 10 minutes. Repeat with remaining jars.
- After 10 minutes, lift the jars from the water bath with the jar lifter, and place them on top of a dish towel or bath towel on a flat surface. If the temperature is cold out (uncanny for the summer), drape a few towels over the jars to keep them from cooling too quickly – which may break the jars. Let the jars cool completely at room temperature without touching or bumping them.
- Now is the best part: listen for the “pop” as the jar lids seal!
- Once cooled, press the center of the jar lids to see if the jars are completely sealed. If the center of the lid is flexible and pops up and down (making a popping noise) it has not sealed. If the lid is popped, or sucked, down and does not release back up, it is sealed. There will always be a few that don’t seal, but that means you get to eat them immediately! Store unsealed jars in the refrigerator and devour quickly.
- You can remove or loosen the rings from the sealed jars to release any moisture that might cause rusting (though I rarely remember to do this, and all is well).
- Store sealed jars for up to 12 months, but they are best eaten up to 6 months.
- Hull and wash your fruit (remove stems and seeds).
- Pat the fruit dry or let it air dry in a colander.
- Line the fruit on a baking sheet and place it in the freezer. Let the fruit freeze for 1 hour.
- Transfer the fruit to a ziplock bag. Suck out as much air as possible, even with a straw through a small opening in the seal. Double bag the fruit to prevent further freezer burn.
- Cut the strawberries into 1/4 slices.
- Line the strawberries on your dehydrator rack so that there is space between then.
- Switch the dehydrator onto the “fruit / berries” setting.
- Let them dry between 5-10 hours (mine took around 8) until they have no moisture.
- Store the dehydrated berries in an airtight jar for snacking, tossing into granola and baking.